The Carbon Footprint of a bottle of wine, representing the CO2 and other greenhouse gases emission synthesis by product unit, is an important indicator of environmental sustainability and it is necessary that Italian wine producers are able to communicate this in international markets in an appropriate and timely manner. The signatories of this Charter Proposal agree to take all actions necessary to ensure that the study of Carbon Footprint is based on the following principles:

Decalogue of the Wine Carbon Footprint
1. It is important that the development of the Carbon Footprint analysis first encourages internal improvement and innovation aimed at reducing emissions, and only as a last option, external credits compensation;
2. It is also important to promote and support at the local, national and international levels a consistent approach to the study and certification of Carbon Footprint analysis;
3. It recognizes a priority for the Carbon Footprint analysis to the ISO 14064 standards (and the forthcoming ISO 14067) and to the Ita.Ca. Protocol (In coordination with IWCC, Bilan Carbone and the forthcoming OIV protocol);
4. The boundaries of the Carbon Footprint analysis should be defined equally for all case studies, and in particular, always considering, in addition to emissions from direct and indirect consumption of energy, the indirect emissions from the use of all materials purchased through the production process and transport of all upstream and downstream contents used in the production process;
5. As vineyards are a complex system, the measurement of its absorption is obtained using the same methods/protocols that give priority to the ecosystem approach (atmosphere-plant-soil);
6. When using the ecosystem approach in the Carbon Footprint analysis to quantify the measurement of the vineyard in the analysis methodology, you must include the calculation of the direct emissions from the use of materials taken from the vineyard, which mainly consist of grapes and pruning residuals;
7. Wineries who possess shrubs as assets on its property, which are not used for wine production, cannot include their absorption in the Carbon Footprint analysis;
8. The communication of the Carbon Footprint analysis, especially if directed to the consumer, must respect the principles of verifiability and transparency, in particular, the communication must always make note of the methods and protocols used;
9. In its communication to the consumer, the Carbon Footprint analysis must always be provided in a non-aggregated data format with regards to the vineyards absorptions;
10. Third party verification is essential to ensure that the Wine Carbon Footprint is complete, consistent and comparable, which are essential elements to make this tool a driver for sustainable development of the sector.